Constitutive Title of Horizontal Property is the notarial deed that instituted the building in horizontal property, that is, that divided it into autonomous fractions as independent units and common parts.
In the constitutive title, the parts of the building corresponding to the various fractions will be specified, so that they are duly individualized, and the relative value of each fraction, expressed as a percentage or percentage, of the total value of the building will be fixed.
This document gives us very important information, such as:
The constitutive title may also mention other elements such as:
The elements of the constitutive title - namely with regard to the composition and the relative value of each fraction as well as the purpose for which each is intended - can only be changed if all the tenants agree to make this change.
If at the joint-owners' meeting all are not present, or represented, a resolution may still be taken unanimously if all who attend, and who represent at least two-thirds of the votes, vote in favor and the others are notified, within thirty days, by registered letter with acknowledgment of receipt.
Absent tenants have ninety days, after receiving the letter, to notify the meeting in writing of their consent or disagreement.
If they do not respond, it must be understood that they approve the deliberations communicated. In other words, it is enough for a joint owner not to agree that the title change is not possible, which is to say that nobody can change:
if a unanimous decision is not obtained at the joint owners' meeting.
The alteration of the title can only be done through a public deed, granted by all the tenants or only by the administrator representing the condominium, and, for this purpose, must present to the notary the minutes of the meeting where the alteration was decided unanimously.
Just go to the Land Registry Office in the building area and ask for a certificate.
Source: Condominium Guide